My ethnographic research on women in conflict with the law uses interdisciplinary critical and feminist frameworks to examine how women make meaning of their lives across time and place through systems and experiences of oppression and resistance. It examines womens’ pathways to substance use and criminality, crime as occupation, incarceration experience, and post imprisonment life. The research positions women as agents of change and reveals interconnections between womens’ identity markers and experiences with harm, privilege, and resistance over the lifetime.