My overall research, utilizing both qualitative and quantitative methods, considers how psychological processes, perceptions, attitudes, and social contexts affect the criminal-legal system, particularly related to courts, sentencing, and punitive approaches. In relation to addiction specifically, I am interested in perceptions and stigmatization of bio-genetic influences to addiction, substance abuse disorders, and drug use, including how such views may impact the sentencing, treatment, and rehabilitation of offenders with particular diagnoses or backgrounds in the criminal-legal system.